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Ulysses Sources

Wednesday, September 16, 2009; 10:38 pm Leave a comment Go to comments

Group 1: Zyme Burris, Amy Haddow, and Mariot Huessy

Ulysses Sources and Reviews Below:

The New Bloomsday Book: A Guide Through Ulysses; James Joyce Quarterly; Joyce and the Victorians; and Recognizing Masochism: Psychoanalysis and Politics of Sexual Submission in Ulysses

The New Bloomsday Book: A Guide Through Ulysses – Zyme Burris

The first Bloomsday Book was published in 1966 by Harry Blamires, an Anglican theologian, literary critic, and novelist. His purpose then was to ease new readers of James Joyce into the complexities of Ulysses while making the work itself more available to a broader audience.

“I should like to think that, used alongside the text, The Bloomsday Book will enable the reader to get from his first reading of Ulysses an understanding which, without my guide, it might have taken him several readings to arrive at.”

– Harry Blamires, in the 1966 Introduction.

In keeping his Book accessible to beginners, Blamires deliberately avoids developing and elaborating upon the critical discussion surrounding Ulysses, and instead focuses on the widely known and universally accepted critical interpretations of the structures, motifs, symbols, allusions, and cultural and literary references employed throughout the book. He accomplishes this by delivering a page-by-page cross-referential summary of the book, broken into its three parts and eighteen episodes with their Homeric titles. The Book’s Third Edition (c.1996) continues to cater to the new reader, offering updated page numbers in the margins for the current editions of Ulysses (Gabler in normal type, Penguin Twentieth-Century Classics in italicized, and Oxford University Press World Classics in brackets), a Bloom and Dedalus Family Tree, and minor additions and alterations to the content.

The New Bloomsday Book: A Guide Through Ulysses has become a staple of Joyce scholarship, especially for first time readers of Ulysses. As such, most scholars start with it, but quickly move beyond it after the first few read-throughs. Perhaps because of it being a straightforward paraphrase of Ulysses there is little in the way of literary reviews in journals (online or offline) for the Third Edition. Amazon.com provides supplemental citations of the texts discussed in the Book that could be used to further one’s research: http://www.amazon.com/New-Bloomsday-Book-Through-Ulysses/dp/book-citations/0415138574/ref=sid_dp_av?ie=UTF8&citeType=citing#citing .

James Joyce Quarterly – Mariot Huessy

Published by the University of Tulsa, The Quarterly is a peer-reviewed journal collecting recent Joycean scholarship every quarter year. The publishers’ aim is “to provide an open, lively, and multidisciplinary forum for the international community of Joyce scholars, students, and enthusiasts” (JJQ Website). Not only does the quarterly publish articles, but it also keeps lists of Joyce related events throughout the year (making it a more scholarly form of a fan site), as well as reviews, Joyce-related literature, and notes on texts. Our library has every year’s compilation of four journals on the fourth floor, from the fall of 1963 to 2007’s issues. There are over 40 journals available in Burling, and while the first few are neat, slim volumes, the Quarterly quickly expanded in size and breadth of topics.

The good news is that there is a lot to choose from. The bad news is that you can’t just pick up the first volume and page through until you find something that looks useful and interesting. The first volume that any of us will want to begin with is volume 40, which contains a cumulative index of all the articles ever published by the Quarterly. There have been four more journals published since volume 40, but going straight to the index will cut the search time. It is also possible to search through the journals on EBSCOHost (make certain that you specify the James Joyce Quarterly when using advanced search) but no online version of the articles exists to my knowledge, so we can’t just print them out and mark them up. Still, EBSCO will tell you the volume you’re looking for when you search for the full text which is useful if you don’t want to hang around the fourth floor of Burling all that long.

The index is huge, if you’re looking through the hard copy. While trying not to limit yourself, I would suggest going directly to the section of the index where the articles specifically about Ulysses are listed. This section is cunningly entitled Ulysses. Work your way out from there, into the Notes, Reviews, Poetry and Prose of Joyce, if you can’t find enough work relating to your topic just in the immense section dedicated to our particular book. This is a brilliant resource, but it will require a lot of sifting in order to find what you need.

Other Resources:

James Joyce Quarterly Website: http://www.utulsa.edu/jjq/

Amy Hadow

Schwarze, Tracey Teets. Joyce and the Victorians. Florida: University Press of Florida, 2002. Print.

Tracey Schwarze’s, Joyce and the Victorians, offers chapters that unpack a variety of gender issues in James Joyce’s Ulysses. This makes it a particularity useful text for information on my obsession – motherhood. Initially chapter titles like “Female Complaints: ‘Mad’ women, Malady, and resistance in Joyce’s Dublin,” and “New Women, male Pests, and Gender in the Public,” caught my eye. This book also features a chapter on masculinity in Ulysses entitled “’Do you call that a man?’: The Discourse of Anxious Masculinity in Ulysses.” The person obsessing over Paternalism might find this chapter relevant. However, in order to engage a larger audience with my analysis I will focus on a less gender specific chapter. In “Colonial Pathology and the Ideology of Irishness in Victorian and Edwardian Dublin,” Schwarze situates Joyce among the discourses of Irish Nationalism prevalent in Ireland during the late 1800’s and early 1900’s. Schwarze draws on letters and lectures contemporary with Joyce and also secondary sources. Of the secondary sources he uses, David Lloyd’s Anomalous States: Irish Writing and the Post-Colonial Movement might provide valuable additional reading on this subject. Schwarze reads Ulysses as a challenge to “the discourse of cultural essentialism.” (Schwarze, 33) Joyce, contends Schwarze, realizes the impossibility of a “colonized nation” successfully purifying itself – “to recreate, recover, or return to a culture unaffected by colonization.” (32) Furthermore, writes Schwarze, Joyce understands that this truth extends to language –languages also interact with each other and experience cross-culturization. This pits Joyce against Gaelic revivalists who advocated uniting behind the Gaelic language. It also separates him from Literary Revivalists. Although Literary Revivalists shared Joyce’s support of linguistic hybridity, they deviated from him by imposing “moral restrictions” on artistic freedom. (35) They justified these impositions in the name of building a distinctly “Irish” literary tradition.  According to Schwarze, Joyce discredits both philosophies through his main character Stephan Dedalus. “In Stephan’s eyes,” writes Schwarze, both represent “yet another attempt to rewrite Irish political history by exclusion and elision.” (35) Ultimately they prove another example of the “self-betrayal of the nation” and its repeated “failure to recognize its own.” (23) The chapter gives particularly relevant context for the milkmaid incident in chapter one of Ulysses.

Recognizing Masochism: Psychoanalysis and Politics of Sexual Submission in Ulysses – Mariot Huessy

Recognizing Masochism: Psychoanalysis and Politics of Sexual Submission in Ulysses by Thomas P. Balázs is fascinating, and not just because the concept is one that most people find disturbing. Balázs tries to redefine literary psychoanalysis to be more in tune with current psychoanalytic thought in the psychology profession. He argues that literary criticism is too heavy handed, using a clumsy version of Freudian analysis which has been refined, and challenged by plenty of psychologists since the 1920s, and that new criticism should take into account the Anglo-American psychoanalysis that has developed since the seventies (169). Connecting back with the book, Balázs uses his new method to analyze Bloom’s actions. A key part of his analysis is a reaction to previous analysis of Bloom’s character in sexual moments as a symbol of political liberalism, or masculinity at the mercy of feminism. Balázs sets out to prove that first one should take character as the primary motivator of action, before attaching symbolic meaning to those actions (170).

In order to argue his case for a new approach to literary criticism he examines the kinds of analysis that have held literary attention, and how they have been applied to Ulysses. After using each example Balázs then pokes holes in each, and uses his brand of analysis to make up for the weaknesses. Going further, he then pulls out other texts from Joyce’s real life, and literary career, and fits them neatly together, to argue that the author cannot ever be truly separated from his creation, and one must look at both in order to understand the motivations of the fictional counterpart (169). Balázs proceeds to analyze Bloom after having built this framework for the reader, which clearly articulates his point.

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